Onion Origin and History

Today the onion In all its varieties it is a vegetable that we find in many dishes around the world since, in addition to offering us a powerful flavor, it brings us many benefits thanks to its properties. Regular consumption of onion is indicated to combat diseases such as gout due to its diuretic properties, in addition, it is also indicated to relieve respiratory problems.

At present, it is not known with certainty what was the origin of the onion or Allium strain, so the authors give several probable locations as the center of origin of this herbaceous plant. If you like this vegetable and are curious to know more about it onion origin and history, keep reading this article in which we will explain everything.

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Origin of the word onion

The word onion from the current Castilian comes from Latin brush, which is the diminutive of cēpa or caepa, and from ancient greek kápia These words from Latin and Greek are believed to come from the Mediterranean lexical background, but it has not been possible to realize beyond the origin of the word onion.

Onion Origin and History

Different authors believe that the first option to consider the origin point of the onion is that this vegetable it began to be found in Central Asia and, later, in the Mediterranean.

However, there are authors who indicate that it is native to West Asia and there are even some that mention that it comes from North Africa. The point is that it is one of the oldest consumption vegetables and, therefore, it is difficult to trace its exact origin. There are those who venture to affirm that it was in some region between Iran and Pakistan where it originated and that it was part of the food of man even before he became sedentary, so that his domestication could begin in several places at the same time more than 5,000 years ago.

Among the causes of the success of this vegetable, three main ones are mentioned: planting onions could be done in various types of soils and climates, they were quite easy to transport and used to last in good condition more than other foods; more than enough reasons to encourage their cultivation.

Certain references, perhaps the oldest on this crop, indicate that it was cultivated in the gardens of China about 5,000 years ago and this is also supported by writings from India, although it was not until the Egyptians knew that it obtained a greater importance. It is known whate the onion was cultivated by the Egyptians, the Greeks and the Romans; some ancient references indicate that at least 3,200 BC was already known and that the Sumerians consumed it in 2,500 BC. There is certainty that it was a product highly valued by the Egyptians, along with the leek and garlic; and the Romans and Greeks consumed it very much. In fact, the mentioned civilizations believed that when they consumed onion, their soldiers saw their strength increased, a belief that increased their popularity even more.

The onion in the Mediterranean and in America

The arrival of the onion to the entire Mediterranean basin was due to the Romans, who expanded their consumption as well as their empire. It is believed that it was during the expansion of the Roman Empire, and hence the onion, that large bulb onions were developed, from which modern varieties descend.

Other authors believe that it was until the Middle Ages when cultivation in Mediterranean countries allowed the development of large bulb varieties. What is known with certainty is that during the Middle Ages it was onions, along with cabbage and beans, the crops that prevented even more deaths due to famine, a common thing during that time of humanity. Whatever it is the onion arrived in America along with the first colonizers, who introduced it in the food of the native peoples who, in turn, incorporated it very successfully into their kitchen.

Currently the onion is a crop that is found almost everywhere in the world and many different varieties can be consumed. If you liked to know the onion origin and history And you like to incorporate it into your diet, we recommend you try these recipes that have onions:

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